Tree Species | Tree Lafayette - Non-Profit in Lafayette, Indiana

Click Here for list of tree species native to Indiana. Click Here to explore native trees at Purdue University Arboretum. There are varieties and cultivars for many tree species. A variety refers to a variation within a plant species that develops naturally in the environment.  A cultivar is a plant that people have cultivated for desired traits, and which retains those traits when propagated. Methods used to propagate cultivars include division, root and stem cuttings, offsets, grafting, tissue culture, or carefully controlled seed production.

Tree SpeciesSmall <25 ft.MediumLarge >40 ft.Native 1Invasive/ Undesirable 1FloweringEdible Fruit/ nut(D)eciduous/ (E)vergreen
Ash (Black, Blue, Pumpkin, White)XYesNo 7NoNoD
Ash - GreenXYesNo 7NoNoD
Aspen - Big toothedXYesNoNoNoD
Aspen - QuakingXYesNoNoNoD
BambooNoYes 11 NoNoE
Basswood - AmericanXYesNoNoNoD
Beech - AmericanXYesNoNoNoD
Birch (Gray, Paper, Yellow)YesNoNoNoD
Birch - RiverXYesNoNoNoD
Blackgum (Tupelo)XYesNoNoNoD
Buckeye - OhioXYesNoYesNoD
Buckeye - YellowXYesNoYesNoD
Callery PearXNoYesYesNo 2D
Catalpa - NorthernXYesNoYesNoD
Cedar - Eastern RedXYesNoNoNoE
Cedar - Northern WhiteXYesNoNoNoE
Cherry - BlackXYesNoYesYesD
Chestnut - AmericanXYesNoNoYesD
Coffeetree - KentuckyXYesNoYesYesD
Cottonwood - EasternXYesNo 10NoNoD
Cottonwood - Swamp (Downy Poplar)XYesNo 10YesNoD
Crabapple (Sweet, Prairie, American, Royal Raindrops, Sargent, Purple Prince, Spring Snow, Prairie Fire)XYes 4NoYesYesD
Cypress - BaldXYesNoNoNoD 3
Dawn RedwoodXNoNoNoNoD 3
Dogwood (Flowering, Pagoda, Roughleaf, Cherokee Chief, Stellar Pink)XYes 5NoYesNoD
Elm - AccoladeXNo 14NoNoNoD
Elm - AmericanXYesNoNoNoD
Elm - Allee lacebarkXNo 14NoNoNoD
Elm - FrontierXNo 14NoNoNoD
Elm - HomesteadXNo 14NoNoNoD
Elm - PrincetonXNo 14NoNoNoD
Elm - RockXYesNoNoNoD
Elm - Slippery (red)XYesNoNoNoD
Elm - Valley ForgeXNo 14NoNoNoD
Elm - WingedXYesNoNoNoD
GinkgoXNoNo 13NoNoD
Hawthorn (Cockspur thorn, Dotted, Downy, Green)XYes 16No 15YesNoD
Hawthorn - Winter King greenXNo 14NoYesNoD
Hemlock - EasternXYesNoNoNoE
Hickory - BitternutXYesNoNoNoD
Hickory - MockernutXYesNoNoNoD
Hickory - Pale (Sand)XYesNoNoNoD
Hickory - PignutXYesNoNoNoD
Hickory - RedXYesNoNoYesD
Hickory - ShagbarkXYesNoNoYesD
Hickory - ShellbarkXYesNoNoYesD
Honeylocust (thornless)XNo 14NoNoNoD
Honeysuckle - Bush AsianNoYesYesNoD
Hop hornbeamXYesNoNoNoD
Hornbeam (Blue Beech)XYesNoNoNoD
Lilac - Japanese TreeXNoNoYesNoD
Linden - LittleleafXNoNoNoNoD
Locust - BlackXYesNoYesNoD
Magnolia - CucumberXYesNoYesNoD
Magnolia - SaucerXNoNoYesNoD
Magnolia - UmbrellaXYesNoYesNoD
Maple - Autumn Blaze RedXNo 14NoNoNoD
Maple - JapaneseXNoNoNoNoD
Maple - NorwayXNoYesNoNoD
Maple - PaperbarkXNoNoNoNoD
Maple - SilverXYesYes 9NoNoD
Maple - State Street MiyabeXNo 14NoNoNoD
Maple - SugarXYesNoNoNoD
Mimosa (Silk Tree)XNoYesYesNoD
Mulberry - BlackXNoNoNoYesD
Mulberry - RedXYesYes 8NoYesD
Mulberry - WhiteXNoNoNoYesD
Oak - BlackXYesNoNoNoD
Oak - BlackjackXYesNoNoNoD
Oak - BurXYesNoNoNoD
Oak - CherrybarkXYesNoNoNoD
Oak - ChestnutXYesNoNoNoD
Oak - ChinkapinXYesNoNoNoD
Oak - Crimsom SpireXNo 14NoNoNoD
Oak - DreamXYesNoNoNoD
Oak - EnglishXNoNoNoNoD
Oak - Northern PinXYesNoNoNoD
Oak - Northern RedXYesNoNoNoD
Oak - OvercupXYesNoNoNoD
Oak - PinXYesNoNoNoD
Oak - PostXYesNoNoNoD
Oak - RedXYesNoNoNoD
Oak - ScarletXYesNoNoNoD
Oak - ShingleXYesNoNoNoD
Oak - ShumardXYesNoNoNoD
Oak - Southern RedXYesNoNoNoD
Oak - Swamp ChestnutXYesNoNoNoD
Oak - Swamp WhiteXYesNoNoNoD
Oak - WhiteXYesNoNoNoD
Osage Orange (Hedge Apple)XYesNoNoNoD
Pine - Eastern WhiteXYesNoNoNoE
Pine - JackXYesNo NoNoE
Pine - VirginiaXYesNoNoNoE
Planetree - London XNo 14NoNoNoD
Poplar (Black, White, Lombardy, Canadian, Necklace, Balsam, Gray)XNoNo 10NoNoD
Redbud - EasternXYesNoYesNoD
Rubber - HardyXNoNoNoNoD
ServiceberryXYes 6NoYesYesD
Spruce (Alberta, Serbian, Norway, White, Engelmann's)XNoNoNoNoE
Spruce - Colorado BlueXNoNoNoNoE
Staghorn SumacXYesNoYesNoD
Sweetgum - RotundilobaXNo 14NoNoNoD
Sweetgum - Slender SilhouetteXNo 14NoNoNoD
Sycamore - AmericanXYesNoNoNoD
Tree of HeavenXNoYesYesNoD
Tulip TreeXYesNoYesNoD
Walnut - BlackXYesNoNoYesD
Walnut - EnglishXNoNoNoYesD
Willow - BlackXYesNo 12NoNoD
Willow - PeachleafXYesNo 12NoNoD
Willow - WeepingXNoNo 12NoNoD
  1. Referring to central Indiana
  2. Some have non-edible fruit
  3. Deciduous conifer
  4. Sweet, American and Prairie Crabapple trees are native and others are not
  5. Some dogwood trees are cultivars and not native
  6. Downy and Smooth Serviceberry are native
  7. Not recommended to plant at this time because of the Emerald Ash Borer
  8. Not recommended because of very aggressive spreading by birds
  9. Not recommended because of very weak wood
  10. Not recommended for some locations because of weak wood and aggressive roots may damage sewer pipes or foundations
  11. Not recommended as very aggressive
  12. Not recommended for some locations because roots may damage sewer pipes
  13. Female tree is less desirable due to odor and messy fruits
  14. Cultivar
  15. Not recommended for some locations because of thorns/spines
  16. Mayhaw tree varieties are not native

More Information:

Click Here for more information about trees from the Indiana Department of Natural Resources.

Click Here for more information about trees from the Morton Arboretum.

Click Here to explore trees at the Purdue University Arboretum.

Click Here for more information about trees from the Leafy Place.

Click Here for more information about trees from the North Carolina University Extension.